In August 2021, it marked the 110th anniversary of the birth of the distinguished scientist, electrical engineer, and great chess player of the 20th century, M.M. Botvinnik. He was a member of the Scientific Research Institute of Energy (formerly the Central Scientific Research Laboratory of the Ministry of Power Plants, currently JSC "NTC FSK EES"), a Doctor of Technical Sciences, a professor, a Distinguished Scientist of the Russian Federation, and a Distinguished Master of Sports.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (1911 - 1995) is known worldwide primarily as an outstanding chess grandmaster who made significant contributions to the development of chess theory and practice. As a long-time leader of Soviet chess players, a multiple-time national champion, and a winner of World Chess Olympiads, Mikhail Moiseyevich became the sixth World Chess Champion in history in 1948.
M.M. Botvinnik's achievements in chess include being a six-time Soviet champion and a six-time World Chess Champion, holding the title of World Champion for several years (1948-1957, 1958-1960, 1961-1963).
In the field of electrical engineering, M.M. Botvinnik was a Doctor of Technical Sciences and the founder of two important directions for improving the stability and reliability of power systems: strong excitation regulators for synchronous generators and asynchronous synchronous machines.
In 1937, Mikhail Moiseyevich defended his candidate dissertation, which addressed complex issues of improving the stability of synchronous generators through appropriate excitation control.
During the Great Patriotic War, he was exempted from military service due to his visual impairment and was evacuated to Perm. From 1941 to 1945, he worked as the head of the High Voltage Insulation Laboratory in the Perm Power System.
In 1951, Botvinnik defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic of "Excitation Control and Static Stability of Synchronous Machines."
Under the guidance of M.M. Botvinnik, the prototype of a strong excitation automatic regulator was created for the first time, which later became one of the cornerstones in the creation of the Unified Energy System of the USSR.
Under the leadership of M.M. Botvinnik and Y.G. Shakaryan, fundamental research was carried out, leading to the development of a new type of machine - asynchronous synchronous machines, which were subsequently implemented in the world practice. The introduction of asynchronous hydro-generators on hydropower plants operating with variable head became a global trend that continues to develop to this day.
M.M. Botvinnik was awarded numerous state awards, including the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, two Orders of the Badge of Honor, and the Medal "For Labor Distinction."